Collaborative Virtual Organizations in Knowledge-based Economy
Publication Year: 2012
Journal: Informatica Economica
The paper establishes the content of the virtual organizations concept, insisting on their collaborative nature. There is also a distinction between classical and virtual organizations. In the first one, the work is carried in an office and within a fixed schedule where the employees need to come to the company. The second case, it’s needed a good coordination and collaboration between all the involved stakeholders, there is no physical location and the employees don’t need to contact physically with each other’s. Types of virtual organizations architectures are developed according to their complexity and there are analyzed their characteristics compared to classical organizations existing in the pre-informational economy. There are presented different applications of virtual organizations focusing on their collaborative side: banking, a comparison on the physical bank and virtual;production, create software products and application with high quality but at with minimum costs;education, virtual universities which enable flexibility of study program, online exams et cetera; Metrics are built to evaluate the performance the collaborative virtual organizations and to state the risk of them. Overall, this paper provides a clear distinction between the classical and virtual enterprises. Provides examples to understand how these two function differently but towards the same goal and some metrics to evaluate the performance of VO.