Exploring Panarchy in Alpine Grasslands: an Application of Adaptive Cycle Concepts to the Conservation of a Cultural Landscape
Publication Year: 2012
This article describes different approaches of applying panarchy perspectives in different cases, in general, natural resource management of cultural landscape. It demonstrates that the adaptive cycle can be considered as an ecological and socioeconomic information frame work by interacting within a certain domain. By defining and measuring quantitative state variables, the panarchy model can offer a powerful metaphor with implications for the domain. In effect, the interpretation of the adaptive cycle provides new insights into the description and future options of the domain. Cultural landscapes are landscapes that are organically evolved by their natural environment. Out of the box, this takes it to an social-ecological system that is integrated in the system of ecosystems and human society with reciprocal feedback and interdependence. The complexity of landscapes can be expressed in three domains: ecological, cultural (social) and economic. The term resilience is hereby introduced and related to: the amount of change a system can undergo and still remain its state or identity, the degree in which a system is capable of self organization compared to the lack of organization or organization forced by external factors and the degree to which a system can build strength to learn and adapt. There are many approaches applied on case studies, which all summarized the basic idea of the adaptive cycle.