The state, popular participation, and the voluntary sector
Authors: J. Clark
Publication Year: 1995
Journal: World Development
A key determinant in the development contribution of nongovernment organizations (NGOs) is the relationship between NGOs and the state. NGOs may run parallel activities; they may play oppositional roles; or they may represent weaker members of society, organizing them to become more influential in decision making and resource allocation. This “civil society” function entails moving from a “supply side” approach, concentrating on project delivery, to a “demand side” emphasis, helping communities articulate their concerns and participate in development processes. Donors can use the policy dialogue to encourage governments to foster a more enabling environment for NGO activities.