The state, popular participation, and the voluntary sector

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Marijn Meijering

Authors: J. Clark

Publication Year: 1995


Journal: World Development

Volume: 23

Issue: 4

Categories: Resilience


A key determinant in the development contribution of nongovernment organizations (NGOs) is the relationship between NGOs and the state. NGOs may run parallel activities; they may play oppositional roles; or they may represent weaker members of society, organizing them to become more influential in decision making and resource allocation. This “civil society” function entails moving from a “supply side” approach, concentrating on project delivery, to a “demand side” emphasis, helping communities articulate their concerns and participate in development processes. Donors can use the policy dialogue to encourage governments to foster a more enabling environment for NGO activities.


Marijn Meijering